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TRANSLATION OF QURAN
BY DR. QAMAR ZAMAN
Translation Status
آیات
سورۃ
نمبر
1-7 الفَاتِحَة -1
1-286 البَقَرَة -2
1-200 آل عِمرَان -3
1-176 النِّسَاء -4
1-120 المَائدة -5
1-165 الاٴنعَام -6
1-206 الاٴعرَاف -7
1-75 الاٴنفَال -8
1-129 التّوبَة -9
1-109 یُونس -10
1-123 هُود -11
1-111 یُوسُف -12
1-43 الرّعد -13
1-52 إبراهیم -14
1-99 الحِجر -15
1-128 النّحل -16
1-111 بنیٓ اسرآئیل / الإسرَاء -17
1-110 الکهف -18
1-98 مَریَم -19
1-135 طٰه -20
1-112 الاٴنبیَاء -21
1-78 الحَجّ -22
1-118 المؤمنون -23
1-64 النُّور -24
1-77 الفُرقان -25
1-227 الشُّعَرَاء -26
1-93 النَّمل -27
1-88 القَصَص -28
1-69 العَنکبوت -29
1-60 الرُّوم -30
1-34 لقمَان -31
1-30 السَّجدَة -32
1-73 الاٴحزَاب -33
1-54 سَبَإ -34
1-45 فَاطِر -35
1-83 یسٓ -36
1-182 الصَّافات -37
1-88 صٓ -38
1-75 الزُّمَر -39
1-85 المؤمن / غَافر -40
1-54 حٰمٓ السجدة / فُصّلَت -41
1-54 القَمَر -54
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QURAN
TERMINOLOGIES
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Brother Moazzam, please explain the terms; AL-RIBA, AL-SADAQAH and AL-ZAKAAT in detail.
Add Your Comments  Question by: JUNAID On 20 June 2011
Comments by: moazzam On 20 June 2011
Dear Junaid ! This topic has already been discussed time and again, i think you also been one of the active participant in the said threads,that was more than sufficient for me, might not for you-like professionals.  
I know you are the Economist and Quranist as well, therefore, it is your domain to elaborate this topic,I have limitations,it is beyond my capacity. Don't mind please.

Comments by: Junaid On 23 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaam;  
 
No problem at all, brother Moazzam, I completely understand your point. Actually you are right when you said that the discussion was not sufficient for professionals. However, I must say that that the economists or the so called “professionals” of today are trained academically and professionally, according to the modern economic system which has been designed primarily to serve the interests of elite. These professionals cannot comprehend, therefore cannot design the alternate economic system, unless they receive guidance from scholars like you and others.  
 
Considering the importance of the terms ZAKAAT, RIBA and SADAQAH, I have been doing my own research and analysis in order to develop a better understanding. As a matter of fact my inference has changed a lot since the day I took part in the last discussion on this particular topic and as per my understanding; these terms are required to be looked at, in a broader perspective.  
 
I am assuming that you and I both agree to the fact that Quran is not a religious book and it doesn’t speak about myths and spirituality, rather the Quranic terms provide us values to implement a system based on justice and equality, in order to create a state where mankind could live with peace and harmony.  
 
Let me try and explain what I have observed so far;  
 
I would request you to please see the following verse;  
 
ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِٱلْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَٰهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ (2:03  
متقی وہ لوگ ہیں جو قدرت کے پیمانوں کے ذریعے امن قائم کرتے ہیں یعنی احکامات الہی کے تحت نظام قائم کرتے ہیں اور جو ہم نے انہیں رزق دیا ہے اس کو بھلائی کے لئے خرچ کرتے ہیں۔  
 
This verse defines a political philosophy and a socio-economic system based on the concepts of Peace, security, justice and liberty, to be implemented through observing "laws of nature" and the instructions given in AL-Kitaab. According to what I have understood so far, the only thing which guarantees Peace, security and liberty, is the concept of justice and equality, which means open access to natural resources for everyone alike and a system based on instant reward or punishment. Please see the last part of verse (2:03) which says وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَٰهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ a confirmation that natural resources are to be kept open for every individual, without any discrimination whatsoever.  
We can see an example of the animals or birds that enjoy abundance and their access to natural resources is not barred; therefore they live peacefully, according to the laws of nature.  
 
Example of these instructions can be seen in the following verses;  
 
أَلَّا تَطْغَوْ۟ا فِى ٱلْمِيزَانِ (55:08  
وَأَقِيمُو۟ا ٱلْوَزْنَ بِٱلْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُو۟ا ٱلْمِيزَانَ(55:09  
فَلْيَنظُرِ ٱلْإِنسَٰنُ إِلَىٰ طَعَامِهِٓۦ (80:24  
 
What is ZAKAAT?  
 
وَأَقِيمُو۟ا ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتُو۟ا ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَٱرْكَعُو۟ا مَعَ رَكِعِينَ (2:43  
اور احکامات الہی کے تحت نظام قائم کرو اور معاشرے کے تزکیہ کی ذمہ داری اٹھاؤ اور ہمیش تیار رہنے والوں کے ساتھ تیار رہو  
 
ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ is the system implemented through observing the natural laws (2:03) and instructions given in Al-Kitaab. This verse clearly instructs us to implement this system وَأَقِيمُو۟ا ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ, and strive to make it grow and develop وَءَاتُو۟ا ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ, just like a plant which grows into a tree with proper care and nurturing.  
In short, we can say that AL-ZAKAAT is a concept of growth and development of the socio economic system ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ based on political philosophy of justice, equality, peace and liberty.  
 
What is AL-RIBA and AL-SADAQAH?  
 
According to what I have understood so far, AL-RIBA and AL-SADAQAH are not merely the acts, rather they are concepts which are applicable any time, anywhere and in any era.  
Any thought or deed that hinders the process of growth and development of ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ i.e. AL-ZAKAAT (already explained above) is known as AL-RIBA. Whereas anything which helps in growth and development of ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ is AL-SADAQAH and that is the reason why AL-RIBA has been declared as WAR against Allah where as AL-SADAQAH has been mentioned as an antonym of AL-RIBA.  
 
The concepts, the values have been provided by Quran and now it is all up to us, that we ponder, comprehend and define suitable political philosophy and a socio-economic system, according to our era, keeping in mind all the present situations.  
 
As a conclusion I would say that there is no room for any sort of discrimination among mankind. Everyone should have free access to natural resources while individuals shall work according to their abilities/potentials/capabilities. Growth and development of ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ is the responsibility of the society on the whole, there is no room for any discrimination and the progress should be judged or ranks should be determined, strictly on the basis of merit.  
 
NOTE: A general observation shows that an individual or a group of individuals, who claim the responsibility of distributing of resources among the society or community, cannot actually perform this duty without being biased and they cannot adhere strictly to merit (except AL-NABI - who posses some very special qualities). The reason is that greed and selfishness is a part of human nature which carries the tendency of getting corrupted by absolute power. The only possible way to achieve this status where everyone enjoys abundance and free access to natural resources, is that the community or society should work together as a unit and manage it's affairs through consensus. Even the modern democracy, where majority is considered as authority, does not completely fulfill this condition of mutual consultation and total consensus. Quran has provided us an alternate system known as ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ which is the only way to achieve peace and harmony among mankind. We need to understand this message with a clear state of mind, otherwise we would not be able to grasp the true concept.  

Comments by: Nargis-Badshah-Salamat On 23 June 2011Report Abuse
Verse 2: 277 of Chapter “al-Baqarah”, the term “aqamatus Salaat wa eetaa’az Zakaat” has appeared with reference to “ribaa” (usuary).  
 
“Yamhaqul-laahur ribaa wa yarbis sadaqaat. Wallahu la yuhibbu kullu kuffarin atheem”. Innal lazina aamanu wa ‘amilus saalihaati wa aqamus Salaata wa aatuz zakaata lahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim wa la khoufun alayihim wa la hum yahzunoon  
 
According to its context, Ribaa is an economic exploitation. It actually means any dealing that may go against the interest of state or inflict hardship upon one party, while expanding the economy of the cruel party. Such a transaction is ‘ribaa’. But transactions that may neither be against the state laws, nor one of the parties may suffer, will fall under the parameters of sadaqaat.  
 
In the above perspective, it was ordained that the believers are only those who act reformatively and enforce divine laws. They work for the evolution of society. The reward for such people is reserved with their ‘Rabb’ and they have neither fear nor grief.  
 
With reference to Riba, the “keypoint”, that is described in 279, tazlimoona wa la tuzlamoona” – neither you be cruel/unjust to others, nor you be dealt with cruelty/injustice by others.  
 
And also please note that this is an act which causes the state machinery to take action against the person responsible. And this was confirmed by emphasizing that if such people do not give up Ribaa, they should be ready to fight against God and his Prophet (meaning a divine state).(haqiqate Salaat)

Comments by: Maniza On 23 June 2011
Dear Junaid,  
 
I would just like to ask how is it possible to give away free food to the masses? The aya you quoted above is refering to the worlds natural resorces and not to free food. This is the way I understand it and plz do correct me, aya nr.2:177 refers to those who are Mutaqi, the Mutaqi who if we translate the term comes close to the english as being pilanthropists.  
 
It is these Mutaqi who set up a welfare state, in which according to the aya of 2:177 is the set up of: aqamatus Salaat wa eetaa’az Zakaat, mening "a System of Commitment for Purifiction," which is prescribed in the whole of the Quran because they ADHERE to their Sallat/ Commitment of providing a system upon which the said people will recieve their sustenance  
 
Another point is that if we look around the world there are many states/countries that survive upon the business of agriculture, the state cannot provide a stable economy for its population or in other words the state cannot survive. We see this in denmark, or even Pakistan where the revenue from the export of Mangoes is providing a sizable GNP.  
 
No man is an Island within itself :) just some thoughts to understand better  
 
 

Comments by: Junaid On 23 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaam;  
 
Sister Maniza, I am sure I haven't mentioned anything regarding free food for masses in my post above. In fact I am talking about the quranic terms to be looked at in a broader perspective. AL-SALAAT, AL-ZAKAAT, AL-RIBA and AL-SADAQAH are the basic values, applicable at all times and in any era. It's all up to us, how we can design a system which suits our requirements under the current situation.  
According to what I have understood so far, أَقِيمُو۟ا ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ means a political philosophy and a socio-economic system based on the concepts of Peace, security, justice and liberty, to be implemented through observing "laws of nature" and the instructions given in AL-Kitaab (2:03). Once implemented, it needs to be nurtured and taken care of, so that it could grow and develop. The instruction ءَاتُو۟ا ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ is about making the system of ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ to grow and ultimately develop into perfection. Any thing which hinders the process of growth and development of the system is ٱلرِّبَوٰ۟ا whereas any or deed which contributes in growth and development is صَدَقَةً and these terms are not acts, rather concepts given to us so that we could design a socio-economic system as and when required. The emphasis is on free access to natural resources for every individual, without any discrimination whatsoever.  
Please note that the term ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ itself doesn't reflect as a system, rather it denotes growth and development of the system named as ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ  
 
I would request you to please read page no. 808 of Lughatul Quran by Allama Perwez, in order to have a more clear understanding regarding the term ZAKAAT as "growth as a system" instead of "purification";  
http://www.tolueislam.com/Urdu/lq/lq_zay.djvu  
 
Now I would like to share my understanding regarding this free food thing (I dono where it came from though);  
 
An economic system can only flourish if there is a diversity in terms of skilled labor and production of goods. In an economic system based on the concepts of exchange of commodities, one commodity cannot be provided free of cost. Food is one of the commodities and it cannot be supplied free of cost. It is not practical and it will disturb the whole economic cycle. How would the food producers, earn their living, if food is being provided free of cost?  
 
The only thing a state can do is to manage the money supply on it's own, issue debt free money proportionate to it's GDP growth and distribute it among the citizens as welfare grant. Citizens can use these grants to fulfill their needs on their own.  
It is very unfortunate that this system of justice and equality is not functioning anywhere in the world today. What we have is a global economic system erected on inhuman and predatory values, where a few possess more wealth than the billions of hungry put together.  
We need to understand that debt based money is the real cause of increase in poverty, flow of wealth towards riches and deterioration of economies. According to my research (which of course is not based on hypothesis), probably we'll be needing a new world where we could implement a system having no influence of current economic system designed to favor elites. You have mentioned Denmark in your comment. Apparently Denmark is one of the best welfare state which provides the best facilities to it's citizens but unfortunately, these facilities are costing a lot to the state. Denmark's overall debt is around 560 Billion Dollars (as at 30th June 2010 and constantly rising) which means it's 275% of the GDP. See? the debt is almost three times higher as compared to what Denmark produce domestically (goods + services) during the whole year. Obviously more money will be needed to pay the interest on debt, therefore this shortfall in terms of debt to GDP ratio will keep on increasing. These statistics shows that Denmark's economy is already a highly over-borrowed economy and if this situation is not handled in time, things could become really complicated.  
 
See this as an example;  
http://seekingalpha.com/article/163611-should-you-avoid-investing-in-danish-irish-and-spanish-banks  
 
What can happen to such economy?  
Let me quote a genius economist from USA, who said the following words in 1971;  
 
"Any economy conveyed by a currency subject to interest, ultimately terminates itself under insoluble debt".  

Comments by: moazzam On 24 June 2011
Dear Junaid! I 100% agree with you.

Comments by: Maniza On 24 June 2011
 
Dear Junaid,  
 
Thanku so much for clarification.  
 
It seems we both agree on the term "Purification" according to Al-Kitab, there is no need to see Ullama Pervaiz :) remember "Tasreef Ul-Ayat ".  
 
Thanku for your detailed answer.  
 
 
 

Comments by: DHULQARNAIN On 24 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaamun Alaikum, Maniza, and All,  
 
In the following ayat, 2:125, the term musallan is used in proximity to Abraham. In your understanding, does this term mean “place of prayer” or “the doer of salaa”?  
 
2:125 And when We made the House a resort for men and a (place of) security. And: Take ye the Place of Abraham for a place of prayer. And We enjoined Abraham and Ishmael, saying: Purify My House for those who visit (it) and those who abide (in it) for devotion and those who bow down (and) those who prostrate themselves.  
 
Looking forward to your reply.  
 
Dhulqarnain-  

Comments by: Maniza On 24 June 2011
 
Dear Dhulqarnain please read the book by dr.Qamar "THE TRUTH ABOUT AS-SALLAT. every single aya is explained in detail.

Comments by: DHULQARNAIN On 24 June 2011Report Abuse
Maniza, I'm asking You for YOUR understanding.  
 
If I wanted to consult Dr. Qamar I wouldn't have asked you.  
 
What? is Dr. Qarmar the Alpha and the Omega on this Quran, now? What is this?  
 
Don't be intellecutually lazy, come on.

Comments by: DHULQARNAIN On 24 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaamun Alaikum to all,  
 
Can anyone answer this question... is Al Fatiha, in fact, a sura?  
 
Looking forward to reponses.  
 
Dhulqarnain-  

Comments by: alam1162@gmail.com On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
Al-Fatiha is a sura

Comments by: Nargis On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
Surah Fatiha is not a sura

Comments by: Junaid On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
what is sura?  
can anyone explain in detail?

Comments by: Nargis-Badshah-Salamat On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
the word SURAH means something that climbs,elevates, soars up to higher heights.  
 
Surah Fateah is a wish expressed , And a description of those who observe and see the universe and want a system with balance and equality in human societies. Rest of the Quran is a reply with many surahs(Methods to elevate, soars up to higher heights, that which gives eminence, raises, elevates, gives dignity, rank and honor))...to this man :-D  
 
no interviews or autographs please, im goin to my spa center byeeee
 
 

Comments by: Junaid2 On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
Is this word "sura" mentioned in Quran?  
Who divided Quran into chapters?  
And who named them as sura?

Comments by: Nargis On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
“And recall that period of My favours, when Abraham was put to test through some commandments, and he stood successful. Then His Nourisher proclaimed that He had appointed him as a leader for human kind. Then Abraham asked about his offspring. His Nourisher replied that His promise was not for transgressors. And recall also that period of My blessings when I proposed a central institution for human kind to be approached freely as a symbol of peace, and ordered that Abraham’s status (of a leader) must be followed by all. And we obtained pledges of Abraham and Ishmael to keep my ‘bayit’ free from all evils for taa’ifeen, aakifeen, those who bow down and for those who fully submit themselves”. 2:125  
 
Some words in these verses must be studied: 1) kalimaat 2) al-bayit 3) mathabah 4) amanan 5) Maqaam 6) Tahaarat 7) taa’ifeen 8) ‘aakifeen 9) rukka’ 10) sujood Kalimaat :  
 
Kalimaat, is taken as equivalent to Orders by all the interpreters/translators. Certainly, these are the divine commandments in pursuit of which Prophet Abraham proved his worth as a leader of men, and therefore, he was granted leadership of his people.  
Al-Bayit: The word al-Bayit is commonly used as an establishment/institution/house. As an establishment/institution, it is used as Bayit al-Maal, Bayit al- Haraam etc.  
 
In English, House of Lords and House of Commons, etc. are in common use.  
 
An Institution, be that in a building or not, is in fact, symbolizes the teachings of some ideology. It is usually said that a particular man is an ‘institution’ in himself. And it is also used in the meaning of a house where one can live.  
 
But here, God is not signifying this word as His house where He may live. Neither does a Muslims think that al-Bayit means some house of God where God returns to sleep after getting tired after a day’s work. Al-Bayit signifies that House of God where God’s commands are issued from and promulgated.  
 
Mathabatan : Its Root is (cee waw bee) which has already been under consideration; and here too it is used in the same meaning. As submitted earlier, the derivatives of the Root “ cee waaw be “ possess the element and the spirit of ‘return’. Mathaba is ‘Adverb of Place’ which gives the meaning of a place (station) where to return. Therefore, it means that “al-Bayit” is that institution where humanity has to return time and again to seek divine guidance.  
 
Amanan Its Root is ( alif meem non ) whose meanings is widely known as peace and security . Amanan shows us that the status of al-bayit will be that of peace and security.  
 
Let us now determine the different forms of ‘al-bayit’. Al-bayit is a nucleus, a central headquarters of divine guidance, where humanity will have to return for guidance time and again. And its core doctrine will be PEACE. In other words, this centre or institution will be responsible for peace among humanity. The next order issued was:  
 
“And take the ‘maqaam’ of Ibrahim as Musallaa”  
 
And here we only have to see whether in respect of Prophet Abraham, this order is for Namaaz and for divine commandments. For this purpose, first of all, we contemplate upon the word “maqaam”. Maqaam…..This word “maqaam” is seen in Quran with an upper vowel sound on ‘meem ‘as well as with a vowel sound ‘u’. When ‘meem ‘ is with a ‘u’ sound, it is read as ‘muqaam’.  
 
The meaning of ‘muqaam’ is ‘a place’, just as we say that Murree is a healthy muqaam (place).  
 
‘meem ‘ with upper vowel sound is read as “maqaam” and gives the meaning of ‘status’, ‘post’, ‘standing’ etc., be that conceptual or practical - just as we would say about Allama Iqbal that “he was at a higher status as a Poet”. Or about Quaid-e-Azam, as “Quaid-e-Azam enjoys a high status in Pakistan”.  
 
Clearly, if we talk about place, the first ‘meem‘ of muqaam will have a ‘u’ vowel sound, but if we speak in terms of a status, a post, then the first ‘meem ‘ of Maqaam will have an upper vowel sound. Let us see with reference to Quran whether it is true or not. Verse No. 66 of Chapter “al-Furqan” describes hell’s condition in the words of Almighty:  
 
“An ugly place as a ‘mustaqar’ and ‘muqaam’ “  
 
For paradise, the Almighty says in Verse No.76:“A very beautiful place as a ‘mustaqar’ and ‘muqaam’”  
 
Since hell and paradise are being discussed here, which are locations, so the first ‘meem ‘ of muqaam has a ‘u’ vowel sound.  
Similarly, in Chapter “al-Ahzaab”, Verse No.13, hypocrites Admonish the people of Yathrab by saying: O people of Yathrab, there is no place for you, so turn back.”  
 
Let us see now as to how the word maqaam, with upper vowel sound on its first ‘meem ‘, is defined in Quran. In Verse No.79 of Chapter “bani Israel”, after issuing some orders to the Prophet, it was stated: - “There is a good possibility that your Rabb posts you to a status worthy of praise.”  
 
You can see that there is glad tiding of praise worthy STATUS for our Prophet, as there is no talk about some ‘place’ but about some status. For this reason, the first ‘meem ‘of the word “muqaam” has an upper vowel sound.  
 
Similarly, in the verse from Chapter “al-Baqarah” under study, in the phrase “the ‘maqaam’ of Ibrahim as Musallaa “, the first letter ‘meem ‘in the word ‘muqaam' ‘has an upper vowel, which corroborates the same ‘status’ that has been called “'imama “in Verse No.124.  
 
As far as discussion about the word “musalla “ is concerned, it has become evident that the status attributed to Prophet Abraham, was to be pursued, in favour of which verses scattered all over Quran do exist. One such verse is presented here as an argument:- “Wa qaalu kunoo Hoodan aou Nasaraa, tahtudu.Qul bal millata Ibrahima haneefa. Wa ma kana min al-mushrikeen.”  
 
“And people ask you to become Jew or Christian, you will be the guided ones. Tell them that the path of Abraham was straightforward and he was not one of the Mushrikeen (polytheists)”.  
 
the order to follow Prophet Abraham’s ideology is not being enforced on Momineen, but on our Prophet too. And this Verse clearly means that the status of Abraham has to be pursued and his footsteps followed. In the second part of the same verse, we find the words like ‘taharat’, ‘taa’ifeen’, ‘aakifeen’ and ‘rukka’ as-sujud’. And an excuse for ‘ruku’ and ‘sujud’ in Namaaz is invented from here.
 

Comments by: Nargis-Badshah-Salamat On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
Surah does not mean chapter as in a book  
 
Moazzam:- All Surah has BAYYINAT /AYAAT (the permanent universal values) in its text, as mentioned in verse 24/1.  
Please read the verses 2/21-22 along with 2/23-24, which clearly showing the laws of nature (ayaat,bayyinaat).  
Remember the AYAAT / BAYYINAAT means all universal values and laws of natures. So In verses 11/13, 17/88, 10/38 none believers have been challenged to bring any other man made standards/values in contrast to these AYAAT /BAYYINAAT written in Qur’an.  
 
MIND! Each and every Quranic term, story, commandment is the universal truth.  
 
DAMON:- According to the Dictionary of the Holy Quran by Abdul Mannan Omar and the Dictionary and Glossary of the Quran by John Penrice the word SURAH does not simply mean "chapter" as in a chapter of a book, it also means something that climbs, elevates, soars up to higher heights.  
 
And the term "MIN MITHLIHEE" in the phrase "faatoo bi-surah MIN MITHLIHEE" in 2/24 is best translated as "INSTEAD OF or IN PREFERENCE TO" what is like The Quran since the word "min" does not only mean "from" but is also used as a substitute for " 3an " (about/instead of) as is evidenced in 9/38 when we are asked if we prefered "hayaatul dunyaa INSTEAD of Al-Akhira"  
 
Because of the above, I believe it is saying to bring/produce/give/provide a "SURAH" (something which gives eminence, raises, elevates, gives dignity, rank and honor) "MIN MITHLIHEE" (THAT IS NOT LIKE IT OR SIMILAR TO IT) because it is those who are in doubt about The Quran who express dissatisfaction with it. Also, why would Allah challenge someone to bring something LIKE IT? In my humble opinion that is not a true challenge. A true challenge would be to ask someone to bring something DIFFERENT BUT BETTER if they think that they can. Anyone can plagiarize the contents of the message and "doctor it up" and then make the claim that they have brought something "LIKE IT". But no one can bring something that IS NOT like it and yet still do an equal or better job of elevating ALL HUMAN BEINGS to ranks of honor and true dignity.  
 
For this, it is our utmost duty to breathe life back into the message of the Quran "implementing it full throttle" and once we see the results and outcomes of this it is then that we would realize and make sense of the "Surah Like It" challenge.
 
 
http://www.aastana.com/blog/aastanablog.asp?QID=1088  

Comments by: alam1162@gmail.com On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
Dear Junaid bhai SA  
How the concept of Zak-kat " GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOECONOMIC SYSTEM" will fit in these verses 24/21 79/18 19/19 91/9 2/129 and also explain "ANFAK"

Comments by: Junaid On 25 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaam;  
 
Brother Alam; I have provided the definition of the word ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ specifically with reference to the system ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ as in 2:43 and various other verses talking about ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ in particular. The term ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ is not there in the verses you have quoted. Rather it's غُلَٰمًا زَكِيًّا in 19:19, زَكَىٰ and يُزَكِّى in 24:21, تَزَكَّىٰ in 79:18 and so on. Please note that these words are from the same root زَّ كَ وٰ and it means growth and development (Ref: Edward William Lane and Lughatul Quran).  
 
Growth is not just restricted to a system, rather there are various other concepts of growth too. For example growth and development of skills, potential, abilities, knowledge, wisdom, etc. The context of each verse will tell you what kind of growth and development a particular verse is talking about. In fact Growth and development of "self" also point out the concept of becoming more skillful, diverse, patient, tolerant, knowledgeable and wise, so that one could carry out the mission of ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ in a more effective way. Probably a more knowledgeable person like Brother Moazzam would be able to explain each verse to you in detail and better than I can.
 
 
As far as ANFAQ is concerned, this term has been derived from the root (Nun - Fae - Qaaf) and it means to keep open, spend freely, make something abundant, to make resources common or not to hinder the flow of wealth or resources. As per my limited understanding, one individual should not depend on other individuals for his/her needs, rather the natural resources are required to be kept open for all alike.  

Comments by: DHULQARNAIN On 26 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaamun Alaikum, Nargis and All,  
 
***NARGIS/DAMON: the word SURAH means something that climbs,elevates, soars up to higher heights.***  
 
24:1 A sura which We have revealed (nazala/sent down) and made obligatory and in it (fiha) We have revealed clear ayats that you may be mindful.  
 
Yes, it does mean as you say, but it also, for lack of better terminology, means chapter. Now we have to look into Al-Quran and see how Allah is using ths term. Is it a chapter or...something that climbs; elevates or soars etc. When we look at 24:1, the fard/obligatory sura, we get a precise description of sura:  
 
1. It is sent down.  
2. Ayats are “in it”.  
 
From this ayat then, it is clear that a sura is some kind of “container”/”repository or…chapter,” and it is “sent down”/“brought down”.  
 
***NARGIS: Surah Fatihah is a wish expressed ***  
 
Exactly, it is a wish expressed by mankind, but the wish expressed in Fatihah…”went up” from mankind to Allah. In other words, suras, as with ayats, “come down “ from Allah only.  
 
As Quran only and alone people, it is imperative to understand that Fatihah, according to Allah/Al-Qran, is not a sura. With this understood then, it becomes one more weapon in our arsenal against the so-called muslims. What I mean by this is that, Fatihah is constantly repeated in their ritual namaz, but according to the theology of the so-called muslims, only suras can be recited in the ritual prayer, 24:1, however, proves Fatihah cannot be a sura. This proves that it would have been impossible for the Last Prophet to have recited Fatihah in some kind of prayer.  
 
The wish expressed in Fatihah is for GUIDANCE. Now, the question becomes…did Allah grant that wish? The answer, of course, is yes and the proof is found in 2:185 and 5:15-16  
 
2:185 The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the Criterion…that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for having guided you and that you may give thanks.  
 
5:15-16 O People of the Book, indeed Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you much of that which you concealed of the Book and passing over much. Indeed, there has come to you from Allah, a Light and a clear Book, with it Allah guides such as follow His pleasure into the ways of peace, and brings them out of darkness into light by His will, and guides them to the right path/sirat-l-mustaqeem.  
 
In conclusion, Al-Fatihah, according to Allah, is not a sura.  
 
Fatihah is powerful refutation to the Arab religion.  
 
Looking forward to comments.  
 
Dhulqarnain-  
 
 
 

Comments by: DHULQARNAIN On 27 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaamun alaikum, Junaid,  
 
Is this word "sura" mentioned in Quran?  
 
2:23 And if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a SURA like it and call on your helpers besides Allah if you are truthful.  
 
***Who divided Quran into chapters?***  
 
Don't know.  
 
***And who named them as sura?***  
 
Allah.

Comments by: DHULQARNAIN On 27 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaamun Alaikum, Nargis and All,  
 
Just an addendum to my prior post on...Is Fatihah a Sura?  
 
Given that Allah did answer man's request for guidance by giving man Al-Quran, why then, do the stupid so-called muslims, every day, day in and day out, at least five times per day, keep requesting guidance?! It's like asking someone for directions to some place and, when given plain instructions as to how to get there, he/she come back five times a day and ask for directions to the same place. Bizarre, right?  
 
Dhulqarnain-

Comments by: DHULQARNAIN On 27 June 2011Report Abuse
Salaamun Alaikum, Nargis,  
 
*** NARGIS: Verse 2: 277 of Chapter “al-Baqarah”, the term “aqamatus Salaat wa eetaa’az Zakaat” has appeared with reference to “ribaa” (usuary). “Yamhaqul-laahur ribaa wa yarbis sadaqaat. Wallahu la yuhibbu kullu kuffarin atheem”. Innal lazina aamanu wa ‘amilus saalihaati wa aqamus Salaata wa aatuz zakaata lahum ajruhum ‘inda rabbihim wa la khoufun alayihim wa la hum yahzunoon. According to its context, Ribaa is an economic exploitation. It actually means any dealing that may go against the interest of state or inflict hardship upon one party, while expanding the economy of the cruel party. Such a transaction is ‘ribaa’. But transactions that may neither be against the state laws, nor one of the parties may suffer, will fall under the parameters of sadaqaat. In the above perspective, it was ordained that the believers are only those who act reformatively and enforce divine laws. They work for the evolution of society. The reward for such people is reserved with their ‘Rabb’ and they have neither fear nor grief. With reference to Riba, the “keypoint”, that is described in 279, tazlimoona wa la tuzlamoona” – neither you be cruel/unjust to others, nor you be dealt with cruelty/injustice by others.***  
 
I agree with you that when trade, the exchange of goods and services, becomes exploitive of one party or more, then the exploiting party or parties, is/are guilty of riba. Following is a passage from Wiki which makes your point about social laws to minimize riba:  
 
“Although no universally accepted definition of fair trade exists, fair trade labeling organizations most commonly refer to a definition developed by FINE:... fair trade is a trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency and respect, that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of, marginalized producers and workers – especially in the South. Fair trade organizations, backed by consumers, are engaged actively in supporting producers, awareness raising and in campaigning for changes in the rules and practice of conventional international trade.[8]  
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fair_trade  
 
If one adheres (and society as a whole) to Salaa (the adherence to the commands of God) and Zakaa (the ongoing process of ridding from the deen of Allah and the Salaa which not of those two things), then fair trade will, at least on very broad social level, be the status quo/standard operating procedure and riba will be minimized.  
 
I have to get back to you on the issue of sadaqat, because it’s root is defined as “truthful”.  
 
Dhilqarnain-  
 

Comments by: Yellow-cow On 27 June 2011Report Abuse
Namaste  
 
2:185 The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the Criterion…that you should exalt the greatness of Allah for having guided you and that you may give thanks.  
 
Quran sent down in the month of Ramadan?  
 
1. Sent down, from where ?  
 
2. why in Ramadan and not January?  
 
3. Is this calender designed in the Quran?  
 
4. do you need "the guidance and the Criterion "only in Ramadan? Why is the month of Ramadan highlighted ?  
 
And  
 
2:23 And if you are in doubt as to that which We have revealed to Our servant, then produce a SURA like it and call on your helpers besides Allah if you are truthful.  
 
Where does it say surah is chapter?  
 
If it means bring a chapter like this while its actually referring to the chapters content, why then is it said bring an ayat like it aswell?

Comments by: Yellow-cow On 01 July 2011 Edit DeleteReport Abuse
Why my question is not answered ? I demand clarification from the guiltys who confuse me.  
 
RamRam

»«
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